Israel Crane (1774-1858), a descendant of the founding family of Cranetown (now Montclair), and his wife Fanny Pierson (1773-1828), built the Israel Crane House in 1796 on 159 Glen Ridge Avenue. This Federal-style mansion was remodeled around 1840 with Greek-Revival details. It was home to three generations of the Crane family until about 1902. In 1920, the YWCA of Montclair-North Essex purchased it to use as offices, dormitories, and as a social center for African American women. In 1965, the Montclair Historical Society saved the Israel Crane House from demolition and moved it to 110 Orange Road. Since then, it has been part of MHS’ museum collection of historic houses. It is situated next to an herb garden and a picturesque gazebo. Tours depicting early 19th century period rooms and exhibits related to local history are provided.